Green Duwamish Watershed Library Links
From equity and human health to the Our Green Duwamish Strategy, find the most relevant resources related to the Green Duwamish Watershed here.
Our Green Duwamish Strategy: A visionary strategy by King County and Seattle designed to coordinate restoration of community, economic and ecological health across governments, nonprofits, and businesses. Learn the story of the strategy, how it works, watch a video of Executive Dow Constantine and get to know the watershed.
Duwamish Valley Action Plan: A city-community shared vision promoting community, transparency, and accountability by prioritizing those most affected by racial inequities and health disparities to achieve environmental justice and equitable development.(Available in both English and Spanish)
Our Duwamish River - Duwamish Alive! Coalition: The perfect background needed to better understand the natural and cultural history of the Green/Duwamish River. Includes audio tracks describing past and present life on the Duwamish as well as videos on a range of issues in the river from the Superfund Site to restoration efforts.
Green/Duwamish River Watershed Map: Beautiful map by King County and Seattle outlining the watershed using images to highlight the lower, middle and upper parts of the watershed.
Interactive Watershed Map: Check out this exciting interactive map of the watershed. Provides a short video “Green the Green” and a detailed overview of the watershed from hydrology to waterway cleanup and salmon recovery. You can even add your efforts to improve the watershed to the map using the “Take Action” button.
Duwamish Valley Vision Map and Report: The Duwamish Vision is an ongoing, comprehensive, community-based project that has compiled over 500 diverse community ideas, concerns, and visions into a comprehensive ‘future map,’ for South Seattle’s Duwamish River Valley. The Duwamish Valley Vision Report explains the process and provides detailed vision maps developed by the community.
Policy and Plans
WRIA 9 Salmon Habitat Recovery Plan: This plan aimed to protect, rehabilitate, and enhance salmon habitat in the WRIA 9 watershed in response to Endangered Species Act of 1973. It includes a history of WRIA 9 watershed, habitat management strategies, as well as proposed actions and strategies for each sub-watershed. While the plan expired in 2016, the information it contains and the actions it proposed, are essential for understanding policy and salmon recovery in WRIA 9.
Duwamish Blueprint; Salmon Habitat in the Duwamish Transition Zone: The Duwamish Blueprint provides guidance to
governments, businesses, Natural Resource Trustees, and citizen groups as they improve the
aquatic ecosystem of the Duwamish estuary, with a focus on the area between river miles 10-
1, generally from Tukwila, near the I-5/599 interchange, downstream/north to almost Harbor
Island and the West Seattle Bridge. The Blueprint has been developed to implement Program
D-3 (page 7-82) from the 2005 “WRIA 9 Salmon Habitat Plan: Making Our Watershed Fit for a
Re-Green the Green Program: Bring trees back to the Green river; the salmon need it to survive. The program strategy guides the
scope and priorities for riparian revegetation in the Green/Duwamish River and Central Puget Sound
watershed (WRIA 9) for the next 10 years.
Endangered Species Act(ESA) of 1973: Designed to protect and recover imperiled species, the ESA greatly influences policy, land development and efforts to restore salmon habitat in the Green Duwamish Watershed today. Learn about the ESA with this short overview and watch the “Endangered Species Act 101” video from US Fish and Wildlife.
Lower Duwamish Superfund Site Final Clean Up Plan: As a result of nearly a century of industrial activity, the Duwamish River was designated a Superfund Site by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 2001, identifying it as one of the nation’s most toxic hazardous waste sites. This webpage by the Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition describes what a superfund site is, why the Duwamish River was designated one and links to detailed fact sheet on the Final Cleanup Plan.
700 Million Gallons: The City of Seattle aims to manage 700 million gallons of polluted runoff per year with green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) by 2025. Here you can find detailed information about GSI and its methods, an interactive map of the GSI around you and Seattle’s current and completed projects.
Every city in the state of Washington is mandated by law to clean up stormwater pollution. Check out what your city is doing to reduce toxic runoff:
- City of Auburn Stormwater Management Plan
- City of Kent Stormwater Management Plan
- City of Renton Stormwater Management Plan
- City of Seattle Stormwater Management Plan
- City of Tukwila Stormwater Management Plan
Equity and Human Health
Community Health along the Green Duwamish: A comprehensive set of resources that explores the correlations between the Duwamish River and the general health of the communities surrounding it. Also provides access to community clean up initiatives and employment opportunities.
Duwamish Valley Residents Face Health Threats: Describes the results of the Duwamish Valley Cumulative Health Impact Analysis report and its potential impact on the Duwamish Superfund Clean up plan. Includes an interesting maps depicting the findings of the report.
Duwamish Valley Cumulative Health Impact Analysis: A report by the Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition finds that residents in South Seattle’s zip code are like to experience more sickness and die younger from environmental health threats. Learn more about the findings by checking out the factsheet or exploring the full report.
King County Flood Management Hazard Management Plan: A comprehensive overview of the plan and actions taken so far to reduce the drastic effects of flooding in the King County area. The plan is updated every 5 years in accordance with the Community Rating System.
Green River Flood of November 1959: A well written, transparent archived description of the last catastrophic flood of the Green River. Created in response to the heightened threat of flooding in 2009 in the Green River Valley. The article details the effects of the flood upon the socioeconomic structures at the time, as well as providing an outline of the catalysts (namely, excessive rainfall, snow runoff, and poor civil engineering) that led to the flood.
Tribes and Treaty Rights
Tribe Denied Federal Recognition: A Seattle Times article that describes the Duwamish tribe’s struggle to obtain federal recognition as a tribe. The article provides a history of the Duwamish tribe’s interactions with the federal government, and emphasises the government’s unwillingness to uphold the treaty created in 1855 with the Duwamish. It also overviews the legislation that prevents the tribe from securing federal recognition and explains the benefits of federal status as a tribe.
Howard Hanson Dam
US Army Corps of Engineers-Fact Sheet: A technical, fact sheet from the US Army Corps of Engineers outlining their future plans to repair and update the Howard Hanson Dam.
US Army Corps of Engineers-Howard Hanson Dam History: An easy-to-read summary of the entire history of the Howard Hanson Dam and its relationship to the Green River Valley.
US Army Corps of Engineers-Howard Hanson Dam Overview: A collection of 21 official reports from the US Army Corps of Engineers from 1998-2003 discussing every aspect of the Howard Hanson Dam. These reports, which range from 20-200 pages, are full of technical jargon and are best suited for advanced researchers.
History Link--History of the Howard Hanson Dam: A comprehensive, easy to read history of the Howard Hanson Dam and the Green River Valley.
NOAA--River Information and Forecasts: Live graphs from NOAA displaying inflow, water level, discharge, and storage at the Howard Hanson Dam.
KOUW--The future of the Howard Hanson Dam: An article from KOUW on the essential role the Howard Hanson Dam plays in protecting and supporting jobs in the Green River Valley, and the dangers the region faces if the dam were to falter.
Washington Department of Ecology--WRIA 09: Resources from the Washington State Government on the Duwamish-Green Watershed. These resources include live data on air and water quality, maps and other visuals, and fully fledged reports on the watershed. This is a real-world source for advanced students.
Government (local, regional, state, nation)
Green Kent Partnership: The City of Kent is taking on environmental stewardships with this Environmental Restoration Plan. The City, the King Conservation District, Forterra, community groups and non-profits, businesses, schools, and hundreds of individual volunteers are partnering to Steward 1,344 acres of City-Owned Forests and Wetlands. Visit this site and learn about the project as well as how to be a steward in your community or become a Green Kent Steward.
King County Forestry Program: As a division of the King County Water and Land Resource Division, the Forestry Program provides a large swath of information regarding stewarded parks, agriculture, and rural services. Click on the embedded links to learn about the County’s process to advise forested landowners, forest related financial incentive programs, county land forest management, and assist community forest fire safety plans.
Business (local, global)
A River Reborn - Boeing’s Restoration Project: Transforming nearly one mile of former industrial waterfront in wetland, Boeing created the largest habitat restoration in the Lower Duwamish Waterway. See how in this 4-min video.
Duwamish Alive! Coalition: Duwamish Alive is a coalition of nonprofit groups and government agencies dedicated
to improving the health of the Duwamish River for the people and wildlife that share it. Since the spring of 2006, Duwamish Alive has brought together over thousands of volunteers for semi-annual work parties to steward restoration sites designed to provide fish and wildlife habitat, improve water quality, and expand open space recreational opportunities in the Duwamish River Watershed.
Green River Coalition: Green River Coalition collaborates with community, municipalities, nonprofits, educational institutions and other agencies to protect and enhance the Green Duwamish watershed.
SHADOW Lake Nature Preserve: A non-profit who stewards a bog that started forming way back in the last ice age! Their stewardship of over 100 acres preserves citical habitat, provides access to green spaces and provides inclusive environmental education to cultivate a land use ethic.
Tools for Schools
Since Time Immemorial: Support students in understanding the historical and current role of Washington State Tribes, tribal government and treaty rights in developing community and watershed-scale improvements to water quality.